Cures for type 2 diabetes

Diabetes mellitus – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Cures for type 2 diabetes

Type 2 has had no cure. But, very recently, it has been shown that a type of gastric bypass surgery can normalize blood glucose levels in 80-100% of severely obese patients. The effect is not due to weight loss because it usually occurs within days of surgery, which is before significant weight loss happens. The pattern of secretion of gastrointestinal hormones is changed by the bypass and removal of the duodenum and proximal jejunum, which together form the upper (proximal) part of the small intestine. The precise causal mechanisms are being intensively researched. This approach may become a standard treatment for some people with type 2 diabetes in the near future. [39] One hypothesis is that the proximal small intestine is dysfunctional in type 2 diabetes; its removal eliminates the source of an unknown hormone that contributes to insulin resistance.[40] This surgery has been widely performed on morbidly obese patients and has had the additional benefit of reducing the death rate from all causes by up to 40%.[41] A small number of normal to moderately obese patients with type 2 diabetes have successfully undergone similar operations.[42][43]

removal of the proximal small intestine?

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